A hormonal intrauterine device (IUD) is a birth control method, which many American women prefer over birth control pills. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration1 (FDA) has approved only two different hormonal IUDs for use in the United States. One is the Mirena® IUD for birth control in 2000, and many women now successfully use this device. There are potential Mirena IUD dangers and risks, however, including complications with pregnancy.
How Mirena IUD works
Mirena IUD is a soft, flexible plastic T-shaped device. A licensed medical provider must insert the device. Once placed, the IUD releases a small, daily dose of a particular hormone. This hormone acts upon the uterus in two ways. First, it thickens the cervical mucus, which provides a physical barrier to make it harder for sperm to fertilize an egg. The hormone also thins the lining of the uterus, which can reduce or prevent ovulation, further reducing the possibility that the user will become pregnant. Mirena IUD is very reliable. The FDA2 reports that fewer then 1 percent of users become pregnant while using the device. If users do become pregnant, however, then there may be serious complications.
Pregnancy complications from Mirena IUD
Mirena IUD is not suitable for women who are already pregnant. The device placement can lead to serious problems for the woman and her baby. These problems include:
- Septic abortion, where the uterus becomes septic
- Premature delivery
- Sepsis (a serious infection)
In all these cases, both the woman and her unborn child are at serious risk. In the case of a septic abortion, doctors normally recommend surgery to remove the zygote (the initial cell that is formed during pregnancy).
The dangers of ectopic pregnancy
Of all the women who fall pregnant while using Mirena IUD, the most common complication is ectopic pregnancy.3 This issues affects around half of all the pregnancy cases during Mirena IUD use. An ectopic pregnancy occurs outside the uterus and is life-threatening to the mother. The unborn baby cannot survive an ectopic pregnancy. In all cases, the patient will require emergency surgery to remove the abnormal pregnancy. Only a third of women suffering an ectopic pregnancy are later able to go on to become pregnant again.
Pregnancy complications and Mirena IUD lawsuits
Women suffering pregnancy complications as a result of Mirena IUD may be able to file a class action lawsuit. Pregnancy complications arising from Mirena IUD may lead to a lot of pain and suffering, as well as financial losses and emotional problems. If you or a loved one suffers an injury arising from Mirena IUD, you should contact an experienced personal injury attorney as soon as possible for further advice. Act promptly, as you may have a limited amount of time to take legal action.